Mailing List Articles Atom Feed Comments Atom Feed Twitter

Tag Cloud

3d account algorithms announcement archives arduino artificial intelligence assembly async audio bash batch blog bookmarklet booting c sharp c++ challenge chrome os code codepen coding conundrums coding conundrums evolved command line compiling css dailyprogrammer debugging demystification distributed computing downtime embedded systems encryption es6 features event experiment external first impressions future game github github gist graphics hardware meetup holiday html html5 html5 canvas interfaces internet io.js jabber javascript js bin labs learning library linux low level lua maintenance network networking node.js operating systems performance photos php pixelbot portable privacy programming problems project projects prolog protocol pseudo 3d python reddit reference release releases resource review rust secrets security series list server servers software sorting source code control svg technical terminal textures three thing game three.js tool tutorial twitter ubuntu university update upgrade version control visual web website windows windows 10 xmpp

Set and forget async tasks

Banner image. (Banner image from here by GDJ)

Recently I've been using asynchronous C# quite a bit, and I've run into the problem of 'setting and forgetting' an asynchronous task more than once. You might want to do this when handling requests in some sort of server, for example.

I looked into it and came up with a few snippets of code I thought someone else might find useful, so I'm posting them here.

Without further delay, here's the first snippet:

/// <summary>
/// Call this method to allow a given task to complete in the background.
/// Errors will be handled correctly.
/// Useful in fire-and-forget scenarios, like a TCP server for example.
/// From
/// Adapted by Starbeamrainbowlabs
/// </summary>
/// <param name="task">The task to forget about.</param>
/// <param name="acceptableExceptions">Acceptable exceptions. Exceptions specified here won't cause a crash.</param>
public static async void ForgetTask(Task task, params Type[] acceptableExceptions)
        await task.ConfigureAwait(false);
    catch (Exception ex)
        // TODO: consider whether derived types are also acceptable.
        if (!acceptableExceptions.Contains(ex.GetType()))

All asynchronous methods in C♯ return some form of Task - and these Task s can be reconfigured and manipulated to make them run in the background on the thread pool, as in the above. The above also handles exceptions correctly so that your asynchronous methods won't just silently fail.

Talking about exceptions, if you await an asynchronous method, it's highly likely that if they do throw an exception it'll be an AggregateException. This is not helpful. It doesn't tell us anything about the actual exception that was thrown in the first place! It gets annoying manually inspecting the innerExceptions property of the AggregateException very quickly. Thankfully, I've found a solution to that too:

    await DoAsyncWork();
catch(AggregateException agError)
    agError.Handle((error) => {
        throw error;
    Console.Error.WriteLine("Something went very wrong O.o");

I can't remember where I found the ExceptionDispatchInfo bit (if it was your idea, please let me know so I can give you appropriate credit!), but the rest I wrote myself. It essentially unwraps the AggregateException and rethrows each exception in turn, whilst preserving the original stack trace. That way you can track the issue that threw the exception in the first place down.

Art by Mythdael