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Learning Three.js four: Maze Birthday Card

A maze for a birthday card

Hooray for the fourth 3 dimensional experiment!

This one is a birthday card for someone I know and is also much more complex than the others I have done so far. I ported a maze generation algorithm that I originally wrote in Python 3 to Javascript (I also have ported it to Lua, keep a look out for a post about Lua soon!) and then set about rendering it in 3D.

The aim is to get to the centre of the maze, where some 3D(!) spinning text is waiting for you. The maze generation algorithm is not designed to have the goal in the centre of the maze, so you will find that there are multiple paths that you can take from the centre that lead to different parts of the maze. I will make a separate post about the maze generation algorithm I have written later.

The collision detection is tile based and rather complicated (for me, anyway). I am surprised that nobody has written a library for this sort of thing.....

You can play with it here: Learning Three.js four

Learning Three.js three: Texturing

Three.js three

This week I have been busy, but I have still had time to create a new Three.js experiment. This week, I looked into simple texturing. The Cube in the middle has a simple soil texture, and I gave the skybox a bunch of clouds from It took a whole lot of fiddling to get it to display the way it has now - I couldn't figure out the correct rotation for the tiles :D

This experiment also uses orbitcontrols.js from here I think? Click and drag to move around, and scroll up / down to zoom.

I have attempted to optimise it by only rendering a frame when the camera is actually moved or a texture is loaded too.

You can find it here: three

Learning Three.js 2: Catch the Sphere

Catch the sphere in action.

The second thing that I have made in my endeavours to learn three.js is a simple catch the sphere game. Every time you get close to the orange sphere, it will move it to another random place in the room, add one to your score, and play a sound.

I cheated a little bit on the collision detection... I really ought to look into writing a simple 3D collision detection library that uses boxes and spheres.

The collision detection for the sphere is really done in 2D - I check only on the x and z axes to see if you are within a certain distance of the sphere since your y position doesn't change. For the bounding box, I simply check to make sure that your x and z co-ordinates aren't too big or too small.

You can find it here: two

Learning Three.js: Spinning Cube

A Spinning Cube

TL; DR: I am going to learn Three.js. I made this.

3D programming is much harder than 2D programming. You have to think about renderers and scenes and cameras and that extra dimension when specifying co-ordinates. I have wanted to break into the 3D world with my programming for some time, but every time I tried, I got confused.

Enter Three.js.

Three.js is a Javascript library that abstracts away all the complications of 3D programming that come with WebGl and makes 3D programming much easier. This series (hopefully!) will document the things that I learn about Three.js and programming in 3D.

This post is about my first attempt: A spinning cube. I found this tutorial to start me off. Although it is a little bit outdated, it works fine for my purposes.

The first thing I needed to wrap my head around were co-ordinates. In Three.JS they work as follows:

Three.js Co-ordinates visualisation

(Image credit: Originally made by Keistutis on, tweaked for use here by me)

If you imagine your physical laptop screen as the 3D space that your stuff lives in, then the x co-ordinate is from side to side (left: negative, right: positive), the y co-ordinate goes up (positive) and down (negative), and the z co-ordinate goes in front and behind (coming out of your screen: positive, going into your screen: negative) of your screen.

I am noting down the co-ordinate system here for my own reference... :D

You can see the code in action that I have written here: one - spinning cube.

If you can't see it, please check It will tell you whether your browser supports WebGL or not. Some (older?) chromebooks also have a buggy WebGL implementation if you use one of those.

Art by Mythdael